Author: Max Sherman
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 1998-08-25
This volume details current developments in industry practices and standards relating to medical device packaging. This edition offers entirely new as well as revised chapters on packaging materials, package validation and methods and integrity testing, bar-coding technology, environmentally sound packaging and disposal procedures, storage autoclave sytems, international standards, customer needs, regulatory aspects, and more.
This thoroughly revised second edition addresses the full spectrum of cereal grain science, employing agronomic, chemical, and technological perspectives and providing new and expanded treatment of food enrichment techniques, nutritional standards, and product quality evaluation. Written by over 40 internationally respected authorities, the Handbook of Cereal Science and Technology, Second Edition discusses recent developments in the chemical composition and functionality of cereal components such as proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids; highlights newly developed special ingredients and microbiological operations in processed foods; and investigates the most up-to-date production, processing, and uses of triticale, wild rice, and other grains. The book also addresses the latest standards set by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, international organizations, and industry lobby groups; illustrates how new breeds of cereal grains are developed and sustained; explains new processing techniques for producing baked goods, pasta, breakfast cereals, and snack foods; and evaluates up-to-the-minute methods of fortifying foods with folic acid and other supplements.
NIIR had identified some Hi-Tech Projects for the entrepreneurs and published a book on that projects which titled "Detailed Projects Profile on Selected Hi-Tech Projects". These Hi-tech projects are Aluminium Beverages cans, Beer industry, Compact Disc, Lap Top computers, Optical fibre cables, plastic I. V. Bottles, Solar Power Plant, Telephone Cables and XLPE cables. All the above projects are based on latest technologies. Each project present with uses and application, market position, manufacturing process, flow diagram. Suppliers of machineries and raw material along with cost estimation. These hi-tech projects have bright market potential and demand would be increased. This book is very informative and useful for relevant entrepreneurs.
Plastic is a polymeric material that has the capability of being molded or shaped, usually by the application of heat and pressure. This property of plasticity, often found in combination with other special properties such as low density, low electrical conductivity, transparency, and toughness, allows plastics to be made into a great variety of products. Many of the chemical names of the polymers employed as plastics have become familiar to consumers, although some are better known by their abbreviations or trade names. Thus, polyethylene terephthalate and polyvinyl chloride are commonly referred to as PET and PVC, while foamed polystyrene and polymethyl methacrylate are known by their trademarked names, Styrofoam and Plexiglas (or Perspex). The plastic consumption will increase to 20 million tonnes a year in 2020 from the current 8 million tonnes a year in India. Plastics is one of the biggest contributor to India’s GDP with the growth rate of 12%-15% per annum, it houses over 50,000 manufacturers and employees of over 40 lakh workers in the plastics industry. Polymers are chemical compounds whose molecules are very large, often resembling long chains made up of a seemingly endless series of interconnected links. The size of these molecules, as is explained in chemistry of industrial polymers, is extraordinary, ranging in the thousands and even millions of atomic mass units. Polymers have found uses in all spheres of life with demand for better materials, greater functional utility, more economical packaging and versatile and durable all-weather products. The per capita consumption of polymers in India is around 5.5 kg. The Government of India has prepared an ambitious plan to achieve a ten-fold increase in plastic exports (from $ 25 mn to 250 mn) to the US. Polyethylene terephthalate is a thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family and is used in synthetic fibers; beverage, food and other liquid containers; thermoforming applications; and engineering resins often in combination with glass fiber. PET in its natural state is a colorless, semi-crystalline resin. Based on how it is processed, PET can be semi-rigid to rigid, and it is very lightweight. It makes a good gas and fair moisture barrier, as well as a good barrier to alcohol and solvents. Poly (vinyl chloride), is the third-most widely produced polymer, after polyethylene and polypropylene. PVC comes in two basic forms: rigid (sometimes abbreviated as RPVC) and flexible. The rigid form of PVC is used in construction for pipe and in profile applications such as doors and windows. It is also used for bottles, other non-food packaging, and cards (such as bank or membership cards). It can be made softer and more flexible by the addition of plasticizers, the most widely used being phthalates. Around 1.1 Million Metric Tons, out of which, Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) accounts for 0.36 Million Metric Tons, Polypropylene (PP) 0.27 Million Metric Tons and Polyethylene (PE) 0.46 Million Metric Tons. The quantum of imports increased further to 1.8 MMT with imports of Polyvinyl chloride (PVC), Polypropylene (PP) and Polyethylene (PE) rising to 0.70, 0.43 and 0.62 MMT. Replicating the growth in gross domestic product, polymer demand in India grew from 3.459 Million Metric ton per annum (MMtpa) in 2000 to 9.013 MMtpa in 2011 at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 9.1%. Strong growth in the packaging sectors will drive the demand further to 14.315 MMtpa in 2016. To meet this growing demand, India increased its polymer production from 3.568 MMtpa in 2000 to 7.377 MMtpa in 2016. With an increase in demand the polymer consumption is expected to double by 2020, to about 20 million metric tons. Disposable is the ability of something to be disposed of or thrown away after use. A disposable (also called disposable product) is a product designed for a single use after which it is recycled or is disposed as solid waste. The term often implies cheapness and short-term convenience rather than medium to long-term durability. Polystyrene is a synthetic aromatic polymer made from the monomer styrene. Polystyrene can be solid or foamed. General purpose polystyrene is clear, hard, and rather brittle. It is an inexpensive resin per unit weight. It is a rather poor barrier to oxygen and water vapor and has a relatively low melting point. Polystyrene is one of the most widely used plastics, the scale of its production being several billion kilograms per year. India is growing at an average annual rate of 7.6% for the past five years and it is expected to continue growing at an equal if not faster rate. The rapid economic growth is increasing and enhancing employment and business opportunities and in turn increasing disposable incomes. As households with disposable incomes from Rs 200,000 to 1,000,000 a year comprises about 50 million people, roughly 5% of the population at present. By 2025 the size of middle class will increase to about 583 million people, or 41% of the population. The size of the Indian medical device industry will jump to INR 761 billion by 2017 registering a CAGR of 20% during 2012-17. The content of the book includes information about plastic. The major contents of this book are project profiles of projects like Plastics and Polymers Industry in India, Disposable Plastic Syringes, Flexible Polyurethane Foam, PVC Wires & Cables, Disposable Dishes, Knife, Fork & Cutlery Items (Spoon)Thermacol Cups, Glass and Plates, Pet Bottle from Pet Resin, PVC Flex Banner (Front Lit, Backlit & Vinyl),Wood Plastic Composite (WPC),HDPE/PP Woven Sacks, Pet Bottle Recycling, Plastic Injection, Moulded Products (Buckets, Tumblers, Tubs & Toilet Bowl Cleaning Brush),Disposable Plastic Cups, Plates & Glasses. Project profile contains information like introduction, uses and applications, properties, manufacturing process, B.I.S. specifications, raw material details, process description, process flow diagram, suppliers of plant & machinery, suppliers of raw material, land & building, plant & machinery, fixed capital, working capital requirement/month, total working capital/month, cost of project, rate of return, breakeven point (B.E.P) This book is very useful for new entrepreneurs, technical institutions, existing units and technocrats.
Food packaging technology is primarily concerned with packaging activities regarding protection of food products from biological, physical or chemical agents. With the growth of modern civilization, people are getting more concerned with hygiene and quality of the food. As a result of that, food packaging is gradually setting up its stand to contend with other industries. The importance of food packaging hardly needs emphasizing since only a handful of foods are sold in an unpackaged state. Packaging is the science, art, and technology of enclosing or protecting products for distribution, storage, sale, and use. Packaging also refers to the process of design, evaluation, and production of packages. Packaging can be described as a coordinated system of preparing goods for transport, warehousing, logistics, sale, and end use. Packaging contains, protects, preserves, transports, informs, and sells. With an increasing focus on sustainability and cost effectiveness, responsible companies no longer want to over package their food products, yet many remain unsure just where reductions can effectively be made. In near future it is going to be a booming industry. Food packaging can functionally be subdivided into five parts, which are containment, protection, communication, functionality, environmental and safety issues. The packaging industrys growth has led to greater specialization and sophistication from the point of view of health and environment friendliness of packing material. The demand on the packaging industry is challenging, given the increasing environmental awareness among communities. The food packaging industry is growing at the rate of 22 to 25 per cent per annum. In near future it is going to be a booming industry. This book majorly deals with food adulteration and food quality control, strategy for achieving, success in food packaging, packaging materials for processed foods, food additives, trend of carbonated and still beverage spoilage, examination of canned foods, international food packaging, standard related to food safety, aseptic packaging of foodstuffs, computer aided graphic design in food packaging, thermal process determination, designing of thermal process for low acid foods, modified atmosphere packaging etc. Along with these features the book also encloses the description of equipments and machineries used in food processing and preservation with diagrams. This book also contains photographs of equipments and machineries used in food packaging. This book gives comprehensive account of food packaging, which is the most important part to preserve the food for a long time. The present volume has been written primarily for the benefit of new entrepreneurs, technologists, technical libraries and for those who want to diversify in the field of food industry.
Author: NIIR Board of Consultants & Engineers
Publisher: ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
Release Date: 2017-10-09
Cereals, or grains, are members of the grass family cultivated primarily for their starchy seeds (technically, dry fruits).Cereal grains are grown in greater quantities and provide more food energy worldwide than any other type of crop; they are therefore staple crops. Oats, barley, and some food products made from cereal grains. They are used for both human and animal food and as an industrial raw material. India produces cereals like wheat, rice, barley (jau), buckwheat, oats, corn (maize), rye, jowar (sorghum), pearl millet (bajra), millet (ragi), Sorghum, Triticale, etc. India is the world's second largest producer of Rice, Wheat and other cereals. The huge demand for cereals in the global market is creating an excellent environment for the export of Indian cereal products. India is not only the largest producer of cereal as well as largest exporter of cereal products in the world. India have been offering incredible opportunities as they have an abundant amount of raw materials and a wide availability of cheap labor. The book provides comprehensive coverage of the Drying, Milling and information regarding production method of Cereal Foods .It also covers Plant Layout, Process Flow Sheets and photographs of plant & Machinery with supplier’s contact details. Some of the fundamentals of the book are origin of wheat classification of wheat, endeavors to find industrial uses for wheat, criteria of wheat quality, botanical criteria of quality, milling principles, extraction rate and its effect on flour composition, grain structure as affecting grinding, definition of flour extraction stone milling: yields of products, roller milling: flour extraction rates, rice production and utilization, origin of rice, comparison of rice with other cereal grains, composition of rice and cereal, breeding rice varieties with specific, industrial uses for rice and rice by products, caryopsis and composition of rice, gross structure of the rice caryopsis and its milling fractions etc. This book is essential for those who are interested in cereal areas can find the complete information from manufacture to final uses of Cereal Foods. The present time is an era of information, one should know about what is happening in the world to be able to compete effectively. It will be very informative and useful to consultants, new entrepreneurs, startups, technocrats, research scholars, libraries and existing units.
Author: J. Richard Blanchard
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Release Date: 1981-01-01
A guide to information sources including abstracts and indexes, library catalogs, government publications, review literature, book reviews, congresses and conferences, dissertations, research in progress, translations, dictionaries, encyclopedias, thesauri, abbreviations, directories, lists of periodicals, handbooks and yearbooks, works on experimental procedures, and classification systems.
Author: Barbara Betz
Release Date: 2014-06-10
Physiotherapeuten, Ergotherapeuten und Logopäden in eigener Praxis müssen nicht nur fachlich kompetent sein – sie müssen ihre Praxis auch wirtschaftlich erfolgreich führen können, um ihre berufliche Existenz langfristig zu sichern. Dieses Buch vermittelt Praxisinhabern, aber auch Studierenden, die Grundlagen für wirtschaftliches Denken und Handeln, angepasst an die besonderen Bedürfnisse therapeutischer Praxen. Zahlreiche Praxisbeispiele und Handlungsempfehlungen für ein erfolgreiches Praxismanagement unterstützen Physiotherapeuten, Ergotherapeuten und Logopäden beim Bestehen im zunehmenden Wettbewerb eines stark regulierten Marktes. Das aktuelle Wissen der Betriebswirtschaftslehre im Dienstleistungssektor Gesundheitswesen wurde ergänzt um Ergebnisse empirischer Studien in der Physio-, Ergotherapie und Logopädie aus den Jahren 2002 bis 2012, durchgeführt an der Hochschule für angewandte Wissenschaft und Kunst (HAWK), Hildesheim, unter Leitung der Autorin. Das Ergebnis ist eine Betriebswirtschaftslehre speziell für die Anforderungen von Praxisinhabern und Studierenden der Physiotherapie, Ergotherapie und Logopädie.
So versteht man Pharmakologie - speziell angepasst für die Bedürfnisse im Rettungsdienst Alles, was Sie im Rettungsdienst über Pharmakologie wissen müssen, absolut lernfreundlich und verständlich dargestellt: die Grundlagen zur Pharmakologie einfach und dennoch ausführlich erklärt profundes Wissen über Notfallmedikamente, Applikation und Wirkungsweisen spezieller Nachschlageteil für häufig verschriebene Medikamente, sortiert nach den wichtigsten Erkrankungen der Organsysteme Kapitel zur Prüfungsvorbereitung mit 200 Übungsfragen und Antwortteil zahlreiche Abbildungen zur Erklärung der Grundlagen sowie Medikamentenfotos Neu in der 2. Auflage: Aktualisierung aller Inhalte gemäß der aktuellen Leitlinien und ERC-Guidelines 2015 Ausführliche Darstellung der Medikamente des Pyramidenprozesses Erweiterung der rechtlichen Rahmenbedingungen Aktuelle Fotos der Präparate und Notfallmedikamente
Author: Steve Krug
Publisher: MITP-Verlags GmbH & Co. KG
Release Date: 2014-11-19
Usability ist eine der wichtigsten Herausforderungen bei der Webseitenerstellung – und wird häufig nur allzu leichtfertig vernachlässigt. Lernen Sie mit dieser überarbeiteten Neuauflage des Klassikers, wie Websites wirklich benutzt werden – mit aktualisierten Beispielen und einem neuen Kapitel über Mobile Usability. Steve Krug verdankt seine Erkenntnisse einer eigentlich nahe liegenden Methode: Er beobachtet, wie User mit einer Website umgehen und welche Hindernisse sich ihnen bei der Informationssuche in den Weg stellen. Anhand aussagekräftiger Beispiele, vieler Grafiken und einer Prise Humor erhalten Sie eine ganz neue Perspektive auf Ihr Websitekonzept. Krugs Usability-Prinzipien dienen als Leitfaden für die eigene Arbeit. Mit einfachen Tests kann jeder seine Website ohne viel Aufwand so optimieren, dass sie den Usability-Kriterien entspricht und sich intuitiv anwenden lässt. Wenn Sie diesen Klassiker schon einmal gelesen haben, werden Sie wieder entdecken, was DON’T MAKE ME THINK! so unverzichtbar für Webdesigner und -entwickler auf der ganzen Welt gemacht hat. Wenn Sie es noch nicht gelesen haben, werden Sie sehen, warum so viele Leute es als Pflichtlektüre empfehlen.
Author: Ludwig Narziss
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2017-01-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering
Das Lehrbuch zur Bierbrauerei von Ludwig Narzi? ist seit vielen Jahren das Standardwerk auf diesem Gebiet. Die neue, achte Auflage wurde komplett ?berarbeitet und aktualisiert. F?r Studenten ist das Buch ein kurz gefasster Leitfaden, der jedoch alle wesentlichen Aspekte abdeckt. Der bereits im Betrieb t?tige Praktiker erh?lt eine F?lle von Anregungen und einen umfassenden ?berblick ?ber den heutigen Stand der Brauereitechnologie sowie der naturwissenschaftlichen Grundlagen der Bierbrauerei. Neu in dieser Auflage: * das Kapitel "Die Deutschen Biertypen" * das Kapitel "Malze aus anderen Getreidearten und deren Verarbeitung" * weiterf?hrende Literatur ab Kapitel 3 Das Autorenteam ist um drei hervorragende Fachleute auf dem Gebiet der Bierbrauerei erweitert worden. Werner Back, Martin Zarnkow und Martina Gastl (alle Technische Universit?t M?nchen, Weihenstephan) stehen f?r die kontinuierliche Weiterentwicklung dieses Lehrbuches.