Introduction to Geospatial Technologies

Author: Bradley A. Shellito
Publisher: Macmillan Higher Education
ISBN: 9781464189050
Release Date: 2016-03-01
Genre: Science

Written for both majors and non-majors alike, Introduction to Geospatial Technologies demonstrates the wide range of geographic technologies available to and used by geographers today. Each chapter contains an introduction to the key concepts and a lab activity, so that in addition to gaining a basic foundation of knowledge students also obtain hands-on experience with the relevant software. This new edition stays current with its rapidly moving field, with coverage and lab activities revised to reflect is the most up-to-date ideas and innovations in GST

Introduction to Geospatial Information and Communication Technology GeoICT

Author: Rifaat Abdalla
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319336039
Release Date: 2016-08-23
Genre: Science

This book is designed to help students and researchers understand the latest research and development trends in the domain of geospatial information and communication (GeoICT) technologies. Accordingly, it covers the fundamentals of geospatial information systems, spatial positioning technologies, and networking and mobile communications, with a focus on OGC and OGC standards, Internet GIS, and location-based services. Particular emphasis is placed on introducing GeoICT as an integrated technology that effectively bridges various information-technology domains.

Interacting with Geospatial Technologies

Author: Mordechai (Muki) Haklay
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781119219248
Release Date: 2015-10-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book provides an introduction to HCI and usability aspects of Geographical Information Systems and Science. Its aim is to introduce the principles of Human-Computer Interaction (HCI); to discuss the special usability aspects of GIS which designers and developers need to take into account when developing such systems; and to offer a set of tried and tested frameworks, matrices and techniques that can be used within GIS projects. Geographical Information Systems and other applications of computerised mapping have gained popularity in recent years. Today, computer-based maps are common on the World Wide Web, mobile phones, satellite navigation systems and in various desktop computing packages. The more sophisticated packages that allow the manipulation and analysis of geographical information are used in location decisions of new businesses, for public service delivery for planning decisions by local and central government. Many more applications exist and some estimate the number of people across the world that are using GIS in their daily work at several millions. However, many applications of GIS are hard to learn and to master. This is understandable, as until quite recently, the main focus of software vendors in the area of GIS was on the delivery of basic functionality and development of methods to present and manipulate geographical information using the available computing resources. As a result, little attention was paid to usability aspects of GIS. This is evident in many public and private systems where the terminology, conceptual design and structure are all centred around the engineering of GIS and not on the needs and concepts that are familiar to the user. This book covers a range of topics from the cognitive models of geographical representation, to interface design. It will provide the reader with frameworks and techniques that can be used and description of case studies in which these techniques have been used for computer mapping application.

Manual of Geospatial Science and Technology Second Edition

Author: John D. Bossler
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420087347
Release Date: 2010-03-05
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Following in the tradition of its popular predecessor, the Manual of Geospatial Science and Technology, Second Edition continues to be the authoritative volume that covers all aspects of the field, both basic and applied, and includes a focus on initiating, planning, and managing GIS projects. This comprehensive resource, which contains contributions from 53 leading experts and professors in the areas of GIS, GPS, and remote sensing, reflects the very latest advances in the technology, applications, and usage of the geospatial sciences in many key disciplines, from natural resource analysis to transportation planning. Significantly updated and expanded, this reader-friendly manual introduces the fundamentals in mathematics and physics needed to perform area-wide mapping, inventory, data conversion, and analysis. The text maintains a focus on the practical aspects of these technologies and remains the only resource to cover the areas of GIS, GPS, and remote sensing with such breadth and clarity. An expanded index, new and revised figures, a color insert, and an easier to read format are among the many improvements to this edition. New to the Second Edition: Revised chapters reflecting the changes that have occurred in the technology, applications, and usage of geospacial science Coverage of GIS applications in automobile navigation and enterprise-wide applications A new chapter devoted to basic statistics and least squares solutions Expanded international scope that addresses the other Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), including the Russian Federation system (GLONASS), the Chinese system (COMPASS), and the European space agency system (GALILEO) A new chapter covering Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) A new chapter that addresses privacy issues, legal concerns, and the emerging field of public participation GIS (PPGIS) New material on the expanding field of geovisualization The text presents many real-world applications, including road map navigation using GPS, as well as problems associated with mapping, inventory of land parcels, and data analysis. Complete with helpful references, decision making tools, and many new case studies, this time-saving resource provides the practical understanding required to harness the potential of these dynamic technologies.

Manual of Geospatial Science and Technology

Author: John D. Bossler
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0748409246
Release Date: 2001-11-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Professionals in local and national government and in the private sector frequently need to draw on Geographical Information Systems (GIS), Remote Sensing (RS) and Global Positioning Systems (GPS), often in an integrated manner. This manual shows a hands-on operator how to work across the range of geospatial science and technology, whether as a user or as a contractor of services employing these technologies, and without either specialist education or substantial experience. The manual covers the fundamentals of each of these topical areas, providing the requisite mathematics, computer science and physics necessary to understand how the technologies work, assuming some elementary background in calculus and physics. It also shows how the technologies can be used together and focuses on their commonalities. A number of applications such as mapping and environmental modeling are presented, and a website accompanies the book.

Geospatial Technologies and Geography Education in a Changing World

Author: Osvaldo Muñiz Solari
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9784431555193
Release Date: 2015-08-31
Genre: Science

This book is an initiative presented by the Commission on Geographical Education of the International Geographical Union. It focuses particularly on what has been learned from geospatial projects and research from the past decades of implementing geospatial technologies (GST) in formal and informal education. The objective of this publication is to inform an international audience of teachers, professionals, scholars, and policymakers about the state of the art and prospects of geospatial practices (GPs) as organized activities that use GST and lessons learned in relation to geographical education. GST make up an advanced body of knowledge developed by practitioners of geographic information systems (GIS), remote sensing (RS), global positioning systems, (GPS), and digital cartography (DC). GST have long been applied in many different sectors; however, their first use in higher education began in the early 1980s and then diffused to secondary schools during the 1990s. Starting with GIS and RS, it evolved into a much broader context, as GST expanded to include GPS and DC with new communication technologies and Internet applications. GST have been used around the world as a combination of tools and special techniques to make research, teaching, and learning more effective.

Teaching Science and Investigating Environmental Issues with Geospatial Technology

Author: James MaKinster
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048139316
Release Date: 2013-11-05
Genre: Science

The emerging field of using geospatial technology to teach science and environmental education presents an excellent opportunity to discover the ways in which educators use research-grounded pedagogical commitments in combination with their practical experiences to design and implement effective teacher professional development projects. Often missing from the literature are in-depth, explicit discussions of why and how educators choose to provide certain experiences and resources for the teachers with whom they work, and the resulting outcomes. The first half of this book will enable science and environmental educators to share the nature and structure of large scale professional development projects while discussing the theoretical commitments that undergird their work. Many chapters will include temporal aspects that present the ways in which projects change over time in response to evaluative research and practical experience. In the second half of the book, faculty and others whose focus is on national and international scales will share the ways in which they are working to meet the growing needs of teachers across the globe to incorporate geospatial technology into their science teaching. These efforts reflect the ongoing conversations in science education, geography, and the geospatial industry in ways that embody the opportunities and challenges inherent to this field. This edited book will serve to define the field of teacher professional development for teaching science using geospatial technology. As such, it will identify short term and long term objectives for science, environmental, and geography educators involved in these efforts. As a result, this book will provide a framework for future projects and research in this exciting and growing field.

Geographie f r Dummies

Author: Charles A. Heatwole
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527813216
Release Date: 2017-08-02
Genre: Education

Bei der Geografie geht es langst nicht nur darum, zu wissen, wo welches Land oder welcher Fluss zu finden ist. "Geografie fur Dummies" erklart Ihnen, wie das geografische Koordinatensystem aufgebaut ist, wie man damit Orte bestimmt und so Karten richtig deutet. Im Mittelpunkt des Buches stehen die Geofaktoren Boden, Wasser und Klima und deren Wechselwirkungen miteinander: Wie formen Vulkane, Erosion und Wetter die Erdoberflache? Wie beeinflussen die Ozeane das Klima? Und wie ist es moglich, dass Wuste und Regenwald nur durch eine Bergkette voneinander getrennt sind? Aber auch der Einfluss des Menschen kommt nicht zu kurz, so wird auch die urbane, politische und wirtschaftliche Geografie erlautert. Egal, ob Sie wissen mochten, wie das Klima die Erde beeinflusst oder wo ein gunstiger Standort fur das nachste Eigenheim ware, dieses Buch liefert Ihnen alle Antworten.

Crime Modeling and Mapping Using Geospatial Technologies

Author: Michael Leitner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400749979
Release Date: 2013-01-19
Genre: Science

Recent years in North America have seen a rapid development in the area of crime analysis and mapping using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technology. In 1996, the US National Institute of Justice (NIJ) established the crime mapping research center (CMRC), to promote research, evaluation, development, and dissemination of GIS technology. The long-term goal is to develop a fully functional Crime Analysis System (CAS) with standardized data collection and reporting mechanisms, tools for spatial and temporal analysis, visualization of data and much more. Among the drawbacks of current crime analysis systems is their lack of tools for spatial analysis. For this reason, spatial analysts should research which current analysis techniques (or variations of such techniques) that have been already successfully applied to other areas (e.g., epidemiology, location-allocation analysis, etc.) can also be employed to the spatial analysis of crime data. This book presents a few of those cases.

Geospatial Technology and the Role of Location in Science

Author: Henk J. Scholten
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9048126207
Release Date: 2009-07-06
Genre: Science

Globalisation has not led to the ‘death of geography’. Intensified relations between communities in different parts of the world have only highlighted the need for understanding and managing phenomena on a variety of geographic scales. From global warming to credit crunch, and from epidemics to terrorism, causes and solutions are sought on local, regional, national as well as inter-continental levels. With the advent of Geospatial Technology, scholars, policymakers and entrepreneurs have valuable tools in hand to proceed. This book offers the first systematic account of the science behind this mental and technological revolution. Tracing the adoption and dissemination of Geospatial Technology in a range of disciplines, it examines the impact this technology has had, and is likely to have, on the explanation of spatial behaviour, phenomena and processes. At the same time, stressing innovative usage, it explores scientific contributions to technology advancement.