Inside Social Life

Author: Kent Sandstrom
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199978115
Release Date: 2013-06-26
Genre: Social Science

This is an anthology for the social psychology course that is taught out of sociology (not psychology). It provides an introduction to the field, and covers topics such as interpersonal interaction, social construction, and the social shaping of human experience in our everyday lives. It includes both classic and contemporary theoretical work as well as empirical studies. Detailed introductions to each part and articles identify and explain central issues, key concepts, and relationshipsamong topics.

Defining Student Success

Author: Lisa M. Nunn
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 9780813563633
Release Date: 2014-04-15
Genre: Social Science

The key to success, our culture tells us, is a combination of talent and hard work. Why then, do high schools that supposedly subscribe to this view send students to college at such dramatically different rates? Why do students from one school succeed while students from another struggle? To the usual answer—an imbalance in resources—this book adds a far more subtle and complicated explanation. Defining Student Success shows how different schools foster dissimilar and sometimes conflicting ideas about what it takes to succeed—ideas that do more to preserve the status quo than to promote upward mobility. Lisa Nunn’s study of three public high schools reveals how students’ beliefs about their own success are shaped by their particular school environment and reinforced by curriculum and teaching practices. While American culture broadly defines success as a product of hard work or talent (at school, intelligence is the talent that matters most), Nunn shows that each school refines and adapts this American cultural wisdom in its own distinct way—reflecting the sensibilities and concerns of the people who inhabit each school. While one school fosters the belief that effort is all it takes to succeed, another fosters the belief that hard work will only get you so far because you have to be smart enough to master course concepts. Ultimately, Nunn argues that these school-level adaptations of cultural ideas about success become invisible advantages and disadvantages for students’ college-going futures. Some schools’ definitions of success match seamlessly with elite college admissions’ definition of the ideal college applicant, while others more closely align with the expectations of middle or low-tier institutions of higher education. With its insights into the transmission of ideas of success from society to school to student, this provocative work should prompt a reevaluation of the culture of secondary education. Only with a thorough understanding of this process will we ever find more consistent means of inculcating success, by any measure.

Ornament und Verbrechen von Adolf Loos Eine Analyse

Author: Luitgard Kastelliz
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 9783656568247
Release Date: 2014-01-07
Genre: Literary Criticism

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2012 im Fachbereich Germanistik - Neuere Deutsche Literatur, Note: gut, Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz (Germanistik), Veranstaltung: Proseminar, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Ich werde mich in dieser Proseminararbeit mit dem Text „Ornament und Verbrechen“ von Loos beschäftigen und dabei auf verschiedene seiner Behauptungen näher eingehen. Schon der Titel des Texts wirkt durch die vordergründige Unvereinbarkeit der beiden Begriffe „Ornament“ und „Verbrechen“ vielversprechend. Das Ornament ist ein Ausdruck aus dem Bereich der Kunst, der Gestaltung und der Architektur, hingegen sind dem Verbrechen eindeutig kriminalistische Konnotationen zugeordnet. Als Leserin stellte sich mir zuerst die Frage, wie Loos diese beiden Themen unter einen Nenner bringen würde. Auf der Kunstmesse „Ars Electronica“ in Linz war 2002 eine indische Riksha ausgestellt, mit deren Lenkerdrehungen man den auf einem Bildschirm sichtbaren Inhalt verändern konnte. Zu sehen waren Alltagsszenen aus indischen Städten und bemerkenswert in Erinnerung blieb mir die aufwändige Gestaltung der Rikscha: der metallene Fahrradanhänger war reich mit Ornamenten verziert, die von einer indischen Künstlerin gestaltet waren. Es ist erwiesen, dass die Ornamentik auch heute noch besonders in Niedriglohngegenden weit verbreitet ist. Damit stimmt auch Loos ́ Theorie überein, dass die Ornamentik ein Ausdruck der Volkskunst sei und diese wiederum stark von mythischen Elementen geprägt ist. Man sieht auch heute, aus sogenannten Schwellenländern importiert, bestickte Kleidungsstücke, Stoffe mit aufgenähten Pailletten und reichverzierte Gegenstände wie zum Beispiel Dosen. Kein mitteleuropäischer Durchschnittsmensch würde, außer gezwungenermaßen im Handarbeitsunterricht, sich diese Arbeit antun. Es ist allgemein bekannt, dass die herstellenden ArbeiterInnen für ihre Mühen einen zu geringen Lohn erhalten, und infolgedessen sind reichverzierte Gegenstände günstig zu kaufen. Ich werde in der Proseminararbeit zunächst einen allgemeinen Überblick bezüglich der künstlerischen Strömungen der Jahrhundertwende geben, sodann auf Loos und seine Arbeit genauer eingehen sowie seinen Text analysieren Abschließend möchte ich die wichtigsten Thesen aus dem Text zusammenfassen.

The Concise Encyclopedia of Sociology

Author: George Ritzer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781444392647
Release Date: 2010-12-03
Genre: Social Science

This concise encyclopedia is the most complete international survey of sociology ever created in one volume. Contains over 800 entries from the whole breadth of the discipline Distilled from the highly regarded Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology, with entries completely revised and updated to provide succinct and up-to-date coverage of the fundamental topics Global in scope, both in terms of topics and contributors Each entry includes references and suggestions for further reading Cross-referencing allows easy movement around the volume

An Invitation to Social Construction

Author: Kenneth J Gergen
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781473927711
Release Date: 2015-04-17
Genre: Psychology

This new edition of Kenneth J. Gergen’s celebrated text An Invitation to Social Construction is now even more accessible for students, offering a clear and thorough introduction to one of the most significant movements in contemporary social science. The Third Edition includes: updates reflecting the many new developments in theory, research, and practice a more student-friendly, personal writing style three new chapters on education, and therapy and health care, and organizations key insights into how social construction can help support you in your research projects, from start to finish. An Invitation to Social Construction is the must-read text for all social science students, academics and practitioners wishing to learn about social constructionism, along with the forms of inquiry and practice central to its impact.

International Handbook of Chinese Families

Author: Chan Kwok-bun
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461402664
Release Date: 2012-12-09
Genre: Social Science

Families are the cornerstone of Chinese society, whether in mainland China, in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macao, Singapore, Malaysia, or in the Chinese diaspora the world over. Handbook of the Chinese Family provides an overview of economics, politics, race, ethnicity, and culture within and external to the Chinese family as a social institution. While simultaneously evaluating its own methodological tools, this book will set current knowledge in the context of what has been previously studied as well as future research directions. It will examine inter-family relationships and politics as well as childrearing, education, and family economics to provide a rounded and in-depth view.

Sociology Looking at Disability

Author: Sara Green
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 9781786354778
Release Date: 2016-12-22
Genre: Social Science

The purpose of this volume is to explore existing literature, with an eye towards encouraging scholars not to ask “the same old” questions but to use older writings as a basis for revolutionary and evolutionary thinking. What do the older writings tell us about what questions we should be asking, and what research we should be doing, today?

Making Sense of Race Class and Gender

Author: Celine-Marie Pascale
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780415955379
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Social Science

Using arresting case studies of how ordinary people understand the concepts of race, class, and gender, Celine-Marie Pascale shows that the peculiarity of commonsense is that it imposes obviousness-that which we cannot fail to recognize. As a result, how we negotiate the challenges of inequality in the twenty-first century may depend less on what people consciously think about "difference" and more on what we inadvertently assume. Through an analysis of commonsense knowledge, Pascale expertly provides new insights into familiar topics. In addition, by analyzing local practices in the context of established cultural discourses, Pascale shows how the weight of history bears on the present moment, both enabling and constraining possibilities. Pascale tests the boundaries of sociological knowledge and offers new avenues for conceptualizing social change.

Handbook of Symbolic Interactionism

Author: Larry T. Reynolds
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 0759100926
Release Date: 2003-01-01
Genre: Social Science

Symbolic interactionism has a long history in sociology, social psychology, and related social sciences. In this volume, the editors and contributors explain its history, major theoretical tenets and concepts, methods of doing symbolic interactionist work, and its uses and findings in a host of substantive research areas.

The SAGE Handbook of Social Work Research

Author: Ian Shaw
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781446206744
Release Date: 2009-11-27
Genre: Social Science

"This is an ambitious book. It aims at nothing less than a comprehensive account of the state of the art of social work research internationally and an intellectually original statement that will help to define and shape social work research. Those with a serious interest in social work research will agree that this is a major undertaking and one that should put social work research 'on the map'." - Ian Sinclair, University of York, UK "This terrific Handbook provides an essential map for navigating the complex currents of social work research today. It resists polemical and simplistic binaries to chart a course that emphasizes diversity, pluralism and sensitivity to political contexts in many featured exemplars. As key chapters note, inherent tensions at the heart of social work itself are mirrored in current debates about the purposes and methods of social work research. Rather than patch over differences, the volume invites us to understand historical roots of unresolvable tensions, and live with them. The international scope of the volume is unique--scholars from more than a dozen different countries were involved --and its broad scope counters the tendency toward parochialism of much North American literature. The Handbook should be essential reading for students and academics." - Catherine Riessman, Boston University, USA The SAGE Handbook of Social Work Research provides a comprehensive, internationally-focused account of leading social work research, offering an original and defining statement on contemporary theory and practice within the field. The groundbreaking Handbook engages critically with the nature and role of social work research and evaluation in contemporary societies around the globe, and asks four key questions: - What is the role and purpose of social work research? - What contexts shape the practice and purpose of social work research? - How can we maximise the quality of the practice of social work research? - How can the aims of social work in its varied domains be met through social work research? Ranging over local, national and international issues, and exploring questions of theory and practice, this is a diverse and constructively organized overview of the field. It will quickly be recognized as a benchmark in the expanding field of social work research, setting the agenda for future work in the arena.

Rethinking Normalcy

Author: Rod Michalko
Publisher: Canadian Scholars’ Press
ISBN: 9781551303635
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Social Science

Rethinking Normalcy introduces the growing field of disability studies to an undergraduate audience in a variety of disciplines and programs based in the social sciences, humanities, and health sciences. The authors articulate the depth and breadth of this newly emerging field of study and provide a vibrant foretaste of the kind of work disability studies scholars and activists do to provocatively question the power of normalcy. Strongly interdisciplinary, this volume draws upon many different social and cultural approaches to the study of disability, and essentially addresses disability as a social and political issue. The chapters in this book exemplify ways of questioning our collective relations to normalcy, as such relations affect the lives of both disabled and currently non-disabled people. Over sixty per cent of this book features the work of disability studies scholars located in Canada.

Be Not Deceived

Author: Michelle Wolkomir
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 9780813539263
Release Date: 2006-01-24
Genre: Religion

In Be Not Deceived, Michelle Wolkomir explores the difficult dilemma that gay Christians face in their attempts to reconcile their religious and sexual identities. She introduces the ideologies and practices of two alternative and competing ministries that offer solutions for Christians who experience homosexual desire. Through careful analysis of the groups’ ideologies, interactions, and symbolic resources, Be Not Deceived goes far beyond the obvious differences between the ministries to uncover their similarities, namely that both continue to define heterosexuality as the normative and dominant lifestyle.