Explores the breeding programs for the button mushroom in the context of the wide range of edible mushrooms now being cultivated worldwide. The 15 papers, from a UNESCO workshop in Hong Kong, July 1991, discuss topics such as the background and general objectives of culture collection and breeding, the genetic systems, and biological approaches to breeding. In addition to providing foodstuffs, the applications include producing high-value fungal metabolites and upgrading lignocellulosic wastes, and wastewater treatment. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Author: Philip G. Miles
Publisher: World Scientific
Release Date: 1997
The discipline of Mushroom Biology, created by the authors of this book, has now been legitimized by references in the scientific literature and by two International Conferences devoted to the subject. This book sets the parameters of Mushroom Biology in a concise manner and also emphasizes trends and points out future directions which will lead to a greater utilization of mushrooms and mushroom products. The discipline was established to bring together persons who have in common scientific or commercial interests involving mushrooms. The authors' definition of mushroom is more broad than the usual mycological definition so that macrofungi other than Basidiomycetes can be included. Mushrooms may be edible, non-edible, poisonous or medicinal species, with hypogeous or epigeous fruiting bodies, and their texture may be fleshy or non-fleshy.Many aspects of Mushroom Biology are presented, including nutritional and medicinal uses, the role of mushrooms in bioremediation, biotechnology, and in the bioconversion of waste organic materials into forms that can enter the major nutrient cycles.Basic scientific studies involving mushroom species are also considered with an emphasis on genetics and breeding.
Chang and Miles (biology, Chinese U. of Hong Kong and SUNY Buffalo) review our current knowledge in two parts: part one, Mushroom science, deals mainly with the biological nature of fungi which are relevant to the development of mushroom science and the industry; part two treats mushroom technology with emphasis on Lentinus (shiitake). It is concerned with the principles and techniques of mushroom cultivation. Emphasis has been placed upon direct and simple methodologies that can be useful in developing countries, rather than on extensively mechanized cultivation procedures. Topics include: basic science; history and current production; nutritional and therapeutic value; physiology and genetics; preservation of cultures; Agaricus and Leutinus, and several less common cultivated mushrooms. Chang and Miles propose mushroom cultivation as a desirable use of waste material and a good source of protein in developing countries; but the price of this solid survey, will deter the impecunious. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Author: Philip G. Miles
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2004-03-29
Since the publication of the first edition, important developments have emerged in modern mushroom biology and world mushroom production and products. The relationship of mushrooms with human welfare and the environment, medicinal properties of mushrooms, and the global marketing value of mushrooms and their products have all garnered great attention, identifying the need for an updated, authoritative reference. Mushrooms: Cultivation, Nutritional Value, Medicinal Effect, and Environmental Impact, Second Edition presents the latest cultivation and biotechnological advances that contribute to the modernization of mushroom farming and the mushroom industry. It describes the individual steps of the complex mushroom cultivation process, along with comprehensive coverage of mushroom breeding, efficient cultivation practices, nutritional value, medicinal utility, and environmental impact. Maintaining the format, organization, and focus of the previous edition, this thoroughly revised edition includes the most recent research findings and many new references. It features new chapters on medicinal mushrooms and the effects of pests and diseases on mushroom cultivation. There are also updated chapters on specific edible mushrooms, and an expanded chapter on technology and mushrooms. Rather than providing an encyclopedic review, this book emphasizes worldwide trends and developments in mushroom biology from an international perspective. It takes an interdisciplinary approach that will appeal to industrial and medical mycologists, mushroom growers, botanists, plant pathologists, and professionals and scientists in related fields. This book illustrates that mushroom cultivation has and will continue to have a positive global impact on long-term food nutrition, health care, environmental conservation and regeneration, and economic and social change.
Author: Frank Kempken
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2013-09-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering
This volume covers the high relevance of fungi for agriculture. It is a completely updated and revised second edition with fourteen excellent chapters by leading scientists in their fields and offers a comprehensive review of the latest achievements and developments. Topics include: Food and fodder; fungal secondary metabolites and detoxification; biology, disease control and management; symbiontic fungi and mycorrhiza; and phytopathogenicity.
The book besides outlining the biological features of three important cultivated edible species viz., Agaricus bisporus, Volviariella volvacea and Pleurotus; provides their state-of-theart cultivation techniques, including infrastructural needs and crop management practices. The most important feature of the book, which is not available in other books of similar nature, is the chapter on Molecular Biology, introducing a highly important emerging discipline, to both the laymen and subject matter specialists. Its relevance to the improvement of mushroom crops and methodology followed therein (including genetic engineering), is elaborated in the text. The role of molecular techniques for taxonomic determinations is also highlighted for some species.
Mushroom Biotechnology: Developments and Applications is a comprehensive book to provide a better understanding of the main interactions between biological, chemical and physical factors directly involved in biotechnological procedures of using mushrooms as bioremediation tools, high nutritive food sources, and as biological helpers in healing serious diseases of the human body. The book points out the latest research results and original approaches to the use of edible and medicinal mushrooms as efficient bio-instruments to reduce the environment and food crises. This is a valuable scientific resource to any researcher, professional, and student interested in the fields of mushroom biotechnology, bioengineering, bioremediation, biochemistry, eco-toxicology, environmental engineering, food engineering, mycology, pharmacists, and more. Includes both theoretical and practical tools to apply mushroom biotechnology to further research and improve value added products Presents innovative biotechnological procedures applied for growing and developing many species of edible and medicinal mushrooms by using high-tech devices Reveals the newest applications of mushroom biotechnology to produce organic food and therapeutic products, to biologically control the pathogens of agricultural crops, and to remove or mitigate the harmful consequences of quantitative expansion and qualitative diversification of hazardous contaminants in natural environment