Gangsters Without Borders

Author: Thomas W. Ward
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 019985906X
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Social Science

Based on author T.W. Ward's eight and a half years in Los Angeles conducting participant observation with MS-13, Gangsters Without Borders: An Ethnography of a Salvadoran Street Gang takes an inside look at gang life in the United States and in a global context. Taking us through their journey from their homeland in El Salvador to the mean streets of Los Angeles, Gangsters Without Borders offers a perspective from the point of view of the hard-core members who live this hard, fast, and dangerous life. A powerful and engaging overview of gang dynamics, Gangsters Without Borders contextualizes the sources and severity of the marginalization felt by Salvadoran immigrants and debunks myths about street gangs in the United States. This account of gangsters' lives before, during, and after their involvement with the gang delivers an intimate and analytical portrait unlike any other.

Anthropology and Contemporary Human Problems

Author: John H. Bodley
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 9780759121584
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Social Science

Bodley trenchantly critiques the most pressing global mega-problems, such as unsustainable growth, resource depletion, global warming, and poverty and conflict, and shows how anthropology makes it possible to find solutions.

Sacred Rice

Author: Joanna Davidson
ISBN: 0199358680
Release Date: 2015-08-14
Genre: Climatic changes

Sacred Rice explores the cultural intricacies through which Jola farmers in West Africa are responding to their environmental and economic conditions given the centrality of a crop--rice--that is the lynchpin for their economic, social, religious, and political worlds. Based on more than ten years of author Joanna Davidson's ethnographic and historical research on rural Guinea-Bissau, this book looks at the relationship among people, plants, and identity as it explores how a society comes to define itself through the production, consumption, and reverence of rice. It is a narrative profoundly tied to a particular place, but it is also a story of encounters with outsiders who often mediate or meddle in the rice enterprise. Although the focal point is a remote area of West Africa, the book illuminates the more universal nexus of identity, environment, and development, especially in an era when many people--rural and urban--are confronting environmental changes that challenge their livelihoods and lifestyles.

Life in the Gang

Author: Scott H. Decker
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521565669
Release Date: 1996-08-28
Genre: Social Science

This study is based on three years of field work with ninety-nine active gang members and twenty-four family members. The book describes the attractiveness of gangs, the process of joining, their chaotic and loose organization, and their members' predominant activities--mostly hanging out, drinking, and using drugs--and their rather slapdash involvement in major property crime and drug traffic. Extensive interviews with family members provide groundbreaking insights into the gang members' lives, and the story is told largely in the gang members' own words.

Global Linguistic Flows

Author: H. Samy Alim
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781135592998
Release Date: 2008-10-01
Genre: Education

Located at the intersection of sociolinguistics and Hip Hop Studies, this cutting-edge book moves around the world – spanning Africa, Asia, Australia, the Americas and the European Union – to explore Hip Hop cultures, youth identities, the politics of language, and the simultaneous processes of globalization and localization. Focusing closely on language, these scholars of sociolinguistics, linguistic anthropology, cultural studies, and critical pedagogies offer linguistic insights to the growing scholarship on Hip Hop Culture, while reorienting their respective fields by paying closer attention to processes of globalization and localization. The book engages complex processes such as transnationalism, (im)migration, cultural flow, and diaspora in an effort to expand current theoretical approaches to language choice and agency, speech style and stylization, codeswitching and language mixing, crossing and sociolinguistic variation, and language use and globalization. Moving throughout the Global Hip Hop Nation, through scenes as diverse as Hong Kong’s urban center, Germany’s Mannheim inner-city district of Weststadt, the Brazilian favelas, the streets of Lagos and Dar es Salaam, and the hoods of the San Francisco Bay Area, this global intellectual cipha breaks new ground in the ethnographic study of language and popular culture.

Mano Dura

Author: Sonja Wolf
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 9781477311660
Release Date: 2017-01-31
Genre: Political Science

In 1992, at the end of a twelve-year civil war, El Salvador was poised for a transition to democracy. Yet, after longstanding dominance by a small oligarchy that continually used violence to repress popular resistance, El Salvador’s democracy has proven to be a fragile one, as social ills (poverty chief among them) have given rise to neighborhoods where gang activity now thrives. Mano Dura examines the ways in which the ruling ARENA party used gang violence to solidify political power in the hands of the elite—culminating in draconian “iron fist” antigang policies that undermine human rights while ultimately doing little to address the roots of gang membership. Drawing on extensive ethnographic fieldwork and policy analysis, Mano Dura examines the activities of three nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) that have advocated for more nuanced policies to eradicate gangs and the societal issues that are both a cause and an effect of gang proliferation. While other studies of street gangs have focused on relatively distant countries such as Colombia, Argentina, and Jamaica, Sonja Wolf’s research takes us to a country closer to the United States, where forced deportation has brought with it US gang culture. Charting the limited success of NGOs in influencing El Salvador’s security policies, the book brings to light key contextual aspects—including myopic media coverage and the ironic populist support for ARENA, despite the party’s protection of the elite at the expense of the greater society.

The Politics of Truth and Reconciliation in South Africa

Author: Richard Wilson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521001943
Release Date: 2001-05-02
Genre: Law

Based on extended anthropological fieldwork, this book illustrates the impact of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in urban African communities in Johannesburg. The study deepens our understanding of post-apartheid South Africa and the use of human rights discourse.

Demonic Males

Author: Richard W. Wrangham
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 0395877431
Release Date: 1996
Genre: Nature

Draws on recent discoveries about human evolution to examine whether violence among men is a product of their primitive heritage, and searches for solutions to the problems of war, rape, and murder

Tibetan Diary

Author: Geoff H. Childs
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520241339
Release Date: 2004
Genre: History

High in the Nepali Himalaya are a number of ethnic Tibetan communities. Geoff Childs presents a portrait of Nubri & Kutang in which he chronicles the daily lives of community members in all their tangled intricacies.

Public Anthropology

Author: Edward J. Hedican
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 9781442635883
Release Date: 2016-03-02
Genre: Social Science

Contemporary anthropology has changed drastically in the new millennium, expanding beyond the anachronistic study of "primitive" societies to confront the burning social, economic, and political challenges of the day. In the process, anthropologists often bump up against issues that require them to take a public position--issues such as race and tolerance, health and well-being, food security, reconciliation and public justice, global terror and militarism, and media in the emerging global electronic community. In Public Anthropology, Edward J. Hedican provides readers with an opportunity to explore contemporary anthropological research as well as the more public issues that anthropologists must engage with as they conduct that research, while encouraging them to think about how involved anthropologists should be in these issues.

American Swastika

Author: Pete Simi
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 1442202106
Release Date: 2010-01-16
Genre: Social Science

American Swastika takes readers through hidden enclaves of hate in America, exploring how White Supremacy movements thrive nationwide, even in a nation that preaches equality and tolerance, and looks toward how we can work to prevent future violence. Drawing on over a decade of research and interviews, the authors explain the difference between various hate groups, then show readers how White Supremacy groups cultivate their membership and ideals through Aryan homes, parties, rituals, music festivals, and online. Powerful case studies, first person accounts, and interview excerpts illustrate the authors' points throughout the book.

Exiled in America

Author: Christopher P Dum
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231542395
Release Date: 2016-09-06
Genre: Social Science

Residential motels have long been a place of last resort for many vulnerable Americans—released prisoners, people with disabilities or mental illness, struggling addicts, the recently homeless, and the working poor. Cast aside by their families and mainstream society, they survive in squalid, unsafe, and demeaning circumstances that few of us can imagine. For a year, the sociologist Christopher P. Dum lived in the Boardwalk Motel to better understand its residents and the varied paths that brought them there. He documented how life in the motel affected their goals and dreams. As told through the voices and experiences of motel residents, Exiled in America paints a portrait of a vibrant community whose members forged identities in response to overwhelming stigma and created meaningful lives despite crushing economic instability. Dum witnessed moments of violence and conflict, as well as those of care and community. Throughout, he presents a powerful counterforce to the myths and stereotypes that often plague marginalized populations. In addition to chronicling daily life at the Boardwalk, Dum also follows local neighborhood efforts to shut the establishment down, leading to a wider analysis of legislative attempts to sanitize shared social space. He suggests meaningful policy changes to address the societal failures that lead to the need for motels such as the Boardwalk. The story of the Boardwalk, and the many motels like it, will concern anyone who cares about the lives of America’s most vulnerable citizens.

The Dobe Ju Hoansi

Author: Richard B. Lee
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781133713531
Release Date: 2012-02-01
Genre: Social Science

This classic, bestselling study of the !Kung San, foragers of the Dobe area of the Kalahari Desert describes a people's reactions to the forces of modernization, detailing relatively recent changes to !Kung rituals, beliefs, social structure, marriage and kinship system. It documents their determination to take hold of their own destiny, despite exploitation of their habitat and relentless development to assert their political rights and revitalize their communities. Use of the name Ju/'hoansi (meaning real people) acknowledges their new sense of empowerment. Since the publication of the Third Edition in 2003, Richard Lee has made eight further trips to the Kalahari, the most recent in 2010 and 2011. The Dobe and Nyae Nyae Areas have continued to transform and the people have had to respond and adapt to the pressures of capitalist economics and bureaucratic governance of the Namibian and Botswana states. This Fourth Edition chronicles and bears witness to these evolving social conditions and their impacts on lives of the Ju/'hoansi. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Cuba in the Shadow of Change

Author: Amelia Rosenberg Weinreb
ISBN: STANFORD:36105124161378
Release Date: 2009
Genre: History

"Amelia Weinreb takes readers deep inside the everyday life of middle-class Cubans - arguably the majority of citizens on the island. Un-theorized and under-described, it is a group that is portrayed honestly, accurately, and empathetically. The political and economic systems of Cuba in the post-Soviet period pose ongoing challenges to ordinary Cubans as they struggle in the waning years of the Castro regime. Weinreb demonstrates that the major reason they have been ignored in the scholarly literature is because remaining obscure is one of their strategies for coping with these challenges. Weinreb has made repeated visits to the island, frequently living in local communities along with her family. Thus her ethnography of this 'shadow public' is based upon traditional participant-observer methodology. Her experiences - from the clothesline, the back bedroom, the kitchen table, and the living room sofa - allow her an unprecedented opportunity to bring to outside readers the reality of daily life in Cuba, and she includes an epilogue that addresses citizen and consumer changes that have taken place since Raúl Castro became president in February 2008"--Publisher's description.

A World of Gangs

Author: John Hagedorn
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 9780816650668
Release Date: 2008
Genre: Social Science

"On the street with gangs in three world cities - Chicago, Rio de Janeiro, and Capetown - Hagedorn discovers that many of them have institutionalized as a strategy to confront a hopeless cycle of poverty, racism, and oppression. The mhilistic appeal of gangsta rap and its ethic of survival "by any means necessary," he argues, provides vital insights into the ideology and persistence of gangs around the world. Proposing how gangs can be encouraged to overcome their violent tendencies, Hagedorn appeals to community leaders to use the urgency, outrage, and resistance common to both gang life and hip-hop to bring gangs into broader movements for social justice."--BOOK JACKET.