Author: Soren Kierkegaard
Publisher: Penguin UK
Release Date: 2004-07-01
In Either/Or, using the voices of two characters - the aesthetic young man of part one, called simply 'A', and the ethical Judge Vilhelm of the second section - Kierkegaard reflects upon the search for a meaningful existence, contemplating subjects as diverse as Mozart, drama, boredom, and, in the famous Seducer's Diary, the cynical seduction and ultimate rejection of a young, beautiful woman. A masterpiece of duality, Either/Or is a brilliant exploration of the conflict between the aesthetic and the ethical - both meditating ironically and seductively upon Epicurean pleasures, and eloquently expounding the noble virtues of a morally upstanding life.
Ich kann mir keine Art von Schönheit vorstellen, in der nicht auch Melancholiezu finden ist ... schrieb Charles Baudelaire im neunzehnten Jahrhundert und bezog sich damit auf ein Phänomen, das seit Jahrhunderten Philosophen, Künstler,Musiker, Dichter und Schriftsteller fasziniert. In der heutigen Welt wird Melancholie häufig mit Trauer verwechselt oder sie wird mit Depression gleichgesetzt. Aber in der Geschichte der westlichen Kultur dachte man, dass sie sowohl in depressiven Zuständen wie auch bei manischer Verzückung gegenwärtig ist. Über zweitausend Jahre lang war Melancholie Teil der Lehre von den Temperamenten, die annahm, dass Körper und Geist auf mystische Weise miteinander verbunden sind und dass diese Verbindungen alle Charakterzüge, Neigungen, Vorlieben, Erscheinungen, emotionalen Zustände sowie alle geistigen und physiologischen Funktionsstörungen erklären könnten. Traditionell nahm man an, dass eine große Bandbreite von Funktionsstörungen durch ein Ungleichgewicht der Lebensenergien verursacht wird. Über die Jahrhunderte hinweg hat Melancholie eine komplexe esoterische und philosophische Bedeutung erlangt. Sie wurde zu einer Erkrankung der Seele, zum Triumph der inneren Dunkelheit über das göttliche Licht des Verstandes, zur Quelle von Genialität und inspiriertem Wahnsinns, zum Synonym für Lethargie und Verdrießlichkeit, zur tödlichen Sünde, zum saturnischen Prinzip der Ekstase und des Leidens, zum dunklen Element in der menschlichen Natur und schließlich zur universellen Grundbeschaffenheit der Menschheit. Dieses Buch konzentriert sich auf die traditionelle Sichtweise der Melancholie und ihre Interpretation in der antiken und der modernen Geschichte der westlichen Esoterik. Es strebt danach, die alten Konzepte in einen zeitgemäßen Kontext zu übersetzen und Melancholie als einen zentralen Teil der okkulten Philosophie wieder zuentdecken, der die kritischste Phase der spirituellen Erfahrung repräsentiert. Alchemie, die dionysischen Mysterien, bacchantische Ekstase-Riten, Lycanthropie, die Wurzelsünde Acedia, spirituelle Reisen in die Unterwelt, inspirierter Wahnsinn, die dunkle Nacht der Seele, saturnische Kontemplation, qliphothische Initiationen und die mystische Bedeutung der Schwarzen Sonne dies sind nur einige der Themen in diesem faszinierenden Buch.
This book investigates the Danish philosopher Soren Kierkegaard's (1813?1855) contributions to our understanding of psychology. In Kierkegaard's historical context, psychology was challenged from both scientific and philosophical perspectives. Kierkegaard considered psychology a core discipline central to his understanding of metaphysics as well as theology.The first part examines Kierkegaard and experimental psychology, focusing on Kierkegaard's work explicitly referring to psychology. The second part considers psychology in terms of the German Enlightenment, including Kant's rejection of psychology as a science. The third part discusses how to understand Kierkegaard's psychology today, calling attention to his continuing impact on modern psychology and modern science.Kierkegaard's conception of psychology remains relevant for any discussion of the role of today's psychology. In tracing psychology's evolution after Kant and Kierkegaard, the author finds the discipline has followed two main paths. The dominant path follows Kant's ideals about science, while the other, much narrower trail, has its origin in Kierkegaard.
Die Serie "Meisterwerke der Literatur" beinhaltet die Klassiker der deutschen und weltweiten Literatur in einer einzigartigen Sammlung für Ihren eBook Reader. Lesen Sie die besten Werke großer Schriftsteller,Poeten, Autoren und Philosophen auf Ihrem Reader. Dieses Werk bietet zusätzlich * Eine Biografie/Bibliografie des Autors. Entweder – Oder ist das erste, 1843 erschienene Werk des dänischen Philosophen Søren Kierkegaard. In diesem, dem bekanntesten seiner Werke stellt Kierkegaard zwei Existenzmöglichkeiten oder Lebensanschauungen einander gegenüber: eine ästhetische und eine ethische. Die literarische Gestaltung des unter dem Pseudonym Victor Eremita (der siegreiche Einsiedler) veröffentlichten zweibändigen Werks, in dem der fingierte Herausgeber vorgibt, zufällig entdeckte Texte und Briefe, die teilweise aufeinander Bezug nehmen, zusammengestellt zu haben, ist sehr vielschichtig. (aus wikipedia.de)
To Samuel Taylor Coleridge, tragedy was not solely a literary mode, but a philosophy to interpret the history that unfolded around him. Tragic Coleridge explores the tragic vision of existence that Coleridge derived from Classical drama, Shakespeare, Milton and contemporary German thought. Coleridge viewed the hardships of the Romantic period, like the catastrophes of Greek tragedy, as stages in a process of humanity’s overall purification. Offering new readings of canonical poems, as well as neglected plays and critical works, Chris Murray elaborates Coleridge’s tragic vision in relation to a range of thinkers, from Plato and Aristotle to George Steiner and Raymond Williams. He draws comparisons with the works of Blake, the Shelleys, and Keats to explore the factors that shaped Coleridge’s conception of tragedy, including the origins of sacrifice, developments in Classical scholarship, theories of inspiration and the author’s quest for civic status. With cycles of catastrophe and catharsis everywhere in his works, Coleridge depicted the world as a site of tragic purgation, and wrote himself into it as an embattled sage qualified to mediate the vicissitudes of his age.
Author: Niels Nymann Eriksen
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Release Date: 2000-01
In the history of Kierkegaard reception scholars have predominantly focused on the pseudonymous works. Thus, while there are long traditions of research on well known pseudonymous works, such as Either/Or and The Sickness unto Death, scholarship on the edifying discourses is still at the pioneering stage. In an effort to bring this other, neglected half of Kierkegaard's authorship into focus, this volume of the Yearbook is dedicated specifically to the edifying discourses from 1843 44 and to Three Discourses on Imagined Occasions, from 1845. It features articles from leading international scholars on various aspects of these discourses, which are explored from literary, philosophical and theological perspectives. A series of articles has also been included on the history of reception of these edifying discourses in the various countries and language groups. The Yearbook also includes individual sections containing papers from recent international seminars on Kierkegaard's thought. One section provides a glimpse into the most recent work from the rich tradition of French Kierkegaard research. Another section includes leading papers from recent Hungarian Kierkegaard scholarship. These contributions serve to make this number of the Yearbook the most international to date and are proof of the growing interest in international Kierkegaard research.
Jeffrey A. Mason has written an informative, accessible guide to today's most popular form of philosophical writing, the journal-length essay. The Philosopher's Address does what no other book on the market has attempted: it takes the reader behind the scenes of the writing process to expose the rhetorical underpinnings of philosophical texts. Mason argues that readers need to understand why philosophical writing is constructed as it is, and to be aware of the rhetorical devices by which authors seek to persuade them if they are to engage fully with these texts. This book is intended for a broad audience of specialists and students alike. Professional scholars will appreciate Mason's astute discussion of current trends within analytic philosophy, while students will benefit greatly from his comprehensive understanding of the social context in which philosophical discourse is produced, its various and competing schools of thought, and the theoretical concepts that inform them.
Author: Charlene P. E. Burns
Publisher: Fortress Press
Release Date: 2016-10-01
Throughout the two-thousand-year span of Christian history, believers in Jesus have sought to articulate their faith and their understanding of how God works in the world. How do we, as we examine the vast and varied output of those who came before us, understand the unity and the diversity of their thinking? How do we make sense of our own thought in light of theirs? The Christian Understandings series offers to help. In this exciting volume, Charlene Burns offers a brief but thorough tour through more than two millennia of thought on the nature of evil. Starting with the contexts of the Hebrew Bible and moving forward, Burns outlines the many ways that Christian thought has attempted to deal with the reality of evil and suffering. From a personal Satan and demonic activity, to questions of free will and autonomy, to the nature of God and God’s role in suffering, Burns offers a clear and compelling overview.
Kierkegaard and Philosophy makes many of the most important papers on Kierkegaard available in one place for the first time. These seventeen essays, written over a period of over twenty years, have all been substantially revised or specially prepared for this collection, with a new introduction by the author. In the first part, Alastair Hannay concentrates on Kierkegaard's central philosophical writings, offering closely text-based accounts of the silent concepts Kierkegaard uses. The second part shows the relevance of other thinkers' treatments of shared themes, pointing out where they differ from Kierkegaard. The concluding chapter provides a reason Kierkegaard himself would give for disagreeing with those who claim his texts are infinitely interpretable. Written by the world's foremost Kierkegaard scholar and translator, Kierkegaard and Philosophy is an indispensible resource for all students of Kierkegaard's work.
The first biography of Kierkegaard's literary muse and one-time fiancée, from the author of the definitive biography of the philosopher Kierkegaard's Muse, the first biography of Regine Olsen (1822–1904), the literary inspiration and one-time fiancée of Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard, is a moving portrait of a long romantic fever that had momentous literary consequences. Drawing on more than one hundred previously unknown letters by Regine that acclaimed Kierkegaard biographer Joakim Garff discovered by chance, the book tells the story of Kierkegaard and Regine's mysterious relationship more fully and vividly than ever before, shedding new light on her influence on his life and writings. Like Dante's Beatrice, Regine is one of the great muses of literary history. Kierkegaard proposed to her in 1840, but broke off the engagement a year later. After their break, they saw each other strikingly often, inside dimly lit churches, on the streets of Copenhagen, and on the paths along the old city ramparts, passing by without uttering a word. Despite or because of their separation in life, Kierkegaard made Regine his literary life companion, "that single individual" to whom he dedicated all his works. Garff shows how Regine became a poetic presence in the frequent erotic conflicts found throughout Kierkegaard's writings, from the famous "Seducer's Diary" account of their relationship to diary entries made shortly before his death in 1855. In turn, Regine remained preoccupied with Kierkegaard until her own death almost fifty years later, and her newly discovered letters, written to her sister Cornelia, reveal for the first time a woman of flesh and blood. A psychologically acute narrative that is as gripping as a novel, Kierkegaard's Muse is an unforgettable account of a wild, strange, and poignant romance that made an indelible mark on literary history. Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.
Author: David Miller
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release Date: 2008-12-18
Genre: Literary Criticism
Taking its point of initiation from the long-standing dialogue between poetry and philosophy concerning their respective claims to contrasting orders of insight, this book tackles issues relating to the differing conditions of knowledge and insights relating to language and thought imparted by ‘modern’ poets and philosophers, from Kant and Wordsworth to Adorno and Hardy. The book draws on recent debates in literary theory and philosophy in order to outline a new ‘dialogic’ approach for conducting comparative criticism and literary history. The poets and the philosophers appear under configurations of reading that produce considerations that are unexpected, yet strangely fitting.
Author: Jan Baars
Publisher: JHU Press
Release Date: 2012-08-20
In this deeply considered meditation on aging in Western culture, Jan Baars argues that, in today’s world, living longer does not necessarily mean living better. He contends that there has been an overall loss of respect for aging, to the point that understanding and "dealing with" aging people has become a process focused on the decline of potential and the advance of disease rather than on the accumulation of wisdom and the creation of new skills. To make his case, Baars compares and contrasts the works of such modern-era thinkers as Foucault, Heidegger, and Husserl with the thought of Plato, Aristotle, Sophocles, Cicero, and other Ancient and Stoic philosophers. He shows how people in the classical period—less able to control health hazards—had a far better sense of the provisional nature of living, which led to a philosophical and religious emphasis on cultivating the art of living and the idea of wisdom. This is not to say that modern society’s assessments of aging are insignificant, but they do need to balance an emphasis on the measuring of age with the concept of "living in time." Gerontologists, philosophers, and students will find Baars' discussion to be a powerful, perceptive conversation starter. -- W. Andrew Achenbaum, author of Older Americans, Vital Communities