Central American Biodiversity

Author: Falk Huettmann
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781493922086
Release Date: 2015-08-04
Genre: Science

This book highlights key results and lessons learnt from two field sites, La Suerte in Costa Rica and Ometepe Nicaragua. It provides long term data on species abundance and distribution. Primates receive specific attention in this book, as they are flagship species and good indicators for the “health” of an ecosystem, but as well a money maker. Many primate species are sensitive to habitat alteration, and are often hunted out first. But they play an important role as seed dispersal agents for the regeneration of the forest. The book then compares results from the two field sites with regional trends, and explores potential solutions such as REDD+. This book strongly calls for new approaches in conservation, it makes the case for looking beyond the pure species biology and classic conservation angle and to take into account the economic and political realities.

Transactional Perspectives on Occupation

Author: Malcolm P. Cutchin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400744295
Release Date: 2012-07-26
Genre: Social Science

An occupation is, most simply put, any activity we participate in that engages (occupies) our attention, interests, and/or expectations, at any point throughout the life course. This book offers an emerging and innovative perspective on occupation, based in the work of American philosopher John Dewey and other pragmatists, that challenges accepted ideas. Each chapter presents a lively and multifaceted dialogue on transactional perspectives on occupation. Scholars from Europe, North America, and Australasia have written a diverse set of arguments and case studies about occupation, covering theoretical, methodological and applied issues relevant to the topic. In addition, contributors make connections with significant authors from various disciplines that make clearer the roles of occupation and occupational science across many cultures and contexts. The transactional perspectives articulated in this book both implicitly and explicitly suggest that occupations are forms of activity that create and re-create a multitude of our relationships with the world. Often taken for granted by some academic disciplines, occupation is a core element of human life. This book is a provocative and critical analysis of the focal concept for occupational therapy and science.

Placing Latin America

Author: Edward L. Jackiewicz
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9781442246836
Release Date: 2016-02-12
Genre: Social Science

Placing Latin America offers a thematic approach to the study of the diverse geographies of a globalizing region. This comprehensive text focuses on the dynamic connections among people, places, and environments rather than on predefined notions about the region. The book’s well-rounded and accessible analysis includes discussions of borders and migration, transnationalism and globalization, urbanization and landscapes of cities, the connections between economic development and political change, the physical environment and human-environment interactions, and natural resources in the context of a global economy. The authors also explore social and cultural themes such as the illegal drug trade, social movements, tourism, and children and young people. Providing a nuanced and clear perspective, this book will be an invaluable guide for all those interested in the politics, economy, and society of a rapidly changing continent. With contributions by: Fernando J. Bosco, Christian Brannstrom, J. Christopher Brown, Altha J. Cravey, James J. Hayes, Edward L. Jackiewicz, Thomas Klak, Araceli Masterson-Algar, Kent Mathewson, Sarah A. Moore, Linda Quiquivix, Zia Salim, Kate Swanson, Benjamin Timms, and Joseph Wiltberger.

The Transparency Fix

Author: Mark Fenster
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9781503602670
Release Date: 2017-07-18
Genre: Law

Is the government too secret or not secret enough? Why is there simultaneously too much government secrecy and a seemingly endless procession of government leaks? The Transparency Fix asserts that we incorrectly assume that government information can be controlled. The same impulse that drives transparency movements also drives secrecy advocates. They all hold the mistaken belief that government information can either be released or kept secure on command. The Transparency Fix argues for a reformation in our assumptions about secrecy and transparency. The world did not end because Julian Assange, WikiLeaks, and Edward Snowden released classified information. But nor was there a significant political change. "Transparency" has become a buzzword, while secrecy is anathema. Using a variety of real-life examples to examine how government information actually flows, Mark Fenster describes how the legal regime's tenuous control over state information belies both the promise and peril of transparency. He challenges us to confront the implausibility of controlling government information and shows us how the contemporary obsession surrounding transparency and secrecy cannot radically change a state that is defined by so much more than information.

The Banana Girls

Author: Hirji, Karim F.
Publisher: Mkuki na Nyota Publishers
ISBN: 9789987083206
Release Date: 2017-07-19
Genre: Fiction

Two talented high school girls, who are also best friends, have resolved to eat bananas everyday. Together with their devotion to the truth and idealistic spirit, this addiction slowly propels them far into the lands of ideas and action. From reserved science students, they evolve to be steadfast fighters for justice, and ultimately find themselves behind bars, convicted of terrorism related charges. This action packed novel traces that evolution through a wide cast of characters that range from school mates, teachers, family members, street vendors to state officials and businessmen, both national and international. It is a story, based in Africa, of true friendship and the struggle for a decent human existence in the face of powerful adversaries. Though otherwise entirely fictional, it derives from existent and historical realities. Interspersed within its pages, you will find enticing entities from the plant kingdom as well as songs, photos and mathematical ideas relating to bananas. The supplementary material at the end provides an introduction to the factual basis of the story.

The Responsibility to Protect and the Third Pillar

Author: D. Fiott
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781137364401
Release Date: 2014-10-28
Genre: Political Science

As the RtoP moves from norm to operationalization, greater analysis of action to halt crimes against humanity, war crimes, genocide and ethnic cleansing is needed. This uncovers opportunities and challenges associated with third pillar interventions by looking at legal, economic, political, military and alternative interventions in third-countries.

Latin American Politics and Development

Author: Howard J. Wiarda
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 9780813349053
Release Date: 2013-12-10
Genre: Political Science

For over thirty years, Latin American Politics and Development has kept instructors and students abreast of current affairs and changes in Latin America. Now in its ninth edition, this definitive text has been updated throughout and features contributions from experts in the field, including twenty new and revised chapters on Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, and South America. The fully updated foundational section includes new chapters on political economy and U.S.-Latin American relations and covers the changing context of Latin American politics, the pattern of historical development, political culture, interest groups and political parties, government machinery, the role of the state and public policy, and the struggle for democracy. In addition to detailed country-by-country chapters, Latin American Politics and Development provides a comprehensive regional overview.

Hard Right Turn

Author: Jerry Carrier
Publisher: Algora Publishing
ISBN: 9781628941791
Release Date: 2015-10-01
Genre: Political Science

In America, even the left is right of center; just how far right is subject to debate. There really is no longer an American left, as it has been systematically destroyed. This rightward drift is seen in historic events like the Red Scare of the 1920s where thousands of innocent Russian and Jewish-Americans were imprisoned and deported by J. Edgar Hoover under President Wilson. There were plots like the secret financing of Hitler’s rise to power by the Rockefeller, Harriman and Bush-Walker families managed by the Dulles Brothers. There was the Businessmen and Banker’s Plot to overthrow Roosevelt and install a fascist government in the United States just before WWII. There was the OSS/CIA cooperation with the Catholic Church in the Ratlines to hide and bring Nazi war criminals into the United States. American phobias against communism, socialism and the left have allowed those on the right to suppress and eliminate the left and to harass, imprison or assassinate its leaders since 1848. The US government has eliminated and assassinated the left, and with no counterbalance the country veers further and further to the right. In this book Jerry Carrier seeks to define "Left" as it applies in the United States. He traces some of the original influences and provides a succinct history of the American left, including the McCarthy witch hunts and the xenophobia of the China Lobby. That history includes illegal CIA and FBI operations to stop the left, civil rights, anti-war, Latino, Asian, Native American, gay and women’s movements. It includes the US intelligence service’s long ties to the Mafia and the Unione Corse, the French Mafia, and their illegal drug activities. It includes the assassinations of JFK, RFK and MLK. It includes the treasonous acts of Nixon and Kissinger to win in 1968, by Reagan and Bush in 1980, and the buying of elections by the Koch Brothers. From Rousseau to Obama, this book gives the rise and fall of the American left. Victims includes Mother Jones, Eugene Debs, Big Bill Haywood, Gus Hall, and Angela Davis. It includes the assassinations of foreign leaders like Patrice Lumumba and even UN Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold and attempts on Sukarno and Castro as well as dozens of US inspired coups.

The Origins and Dynamics of Genocide

Author: Roddy Brett
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781137397676
Release Date: 2016-05-17
Genre: Political Science

This book rigorously documents and explains the genocide perpetrated by the Guatemalan state against indigenous Maya populations within the context of its counterinsurgency campaign against leftist guerrillas between 1981 and 1983. In doing so it brings to light a genocide that has remained largely invisible within both academic disciplines and the practitioner sphere. In May 2013, former de facto president of Guatemala, General Efrain Rios Montt, was for ten days indicted for genocide and crimes against humanity within Guatemala’s domestic courts. Based upon over a decade of ethnographic research, including in survivors’ communities in Guatemala, this book documents the historical processes shaping the genocide by analysing the evolution of both counterinsurgent and insurgent violence and strategy, focusing above all on its impact upon the civilian population. The research clearly evidences the impact of political violence upon non-combatants; how military and insurgent strategies gradually implicate civilians in conflict and the strategies civilians may adopt in order to survive them. Convincingly framed within key theoretical scholarship from genocide studies and comparative politics it speaks to a broad audience beyond Latin Americanists.

Education in Mexico Central America and the Latin Caribbean

Author: C. M. Posner
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 9781474267700
Release Date: 2017-12-14
Genre: Education

Education in Mexico, Central America and the Latin Caribbean examines the development and practice of education in México, Costa Rica, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panamá. The chapters, written by local experts, provide an overview of the structure, aims and purposes of education in each of these ten countries with very different socio-economic backgrounds. The authors present curriculum standards, pedagogy, evaluation, accountability and delivery, discussing both how the formal systems are structured and how they actually function. The volume explores the origins of proposed reforms and their implementation, emphasising the distinctiveness of each country and attempting to locate new practices that could lead to better education. Including a comparative introduction to the issues facing education in the region as a whole and guides to available online datasets, this book is an essential reference for researchers, scholars, international agencies and policy-makers.

Hugo

Author: Bart Jones
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 9781409076940
Release Date: 2009-05-27
Genre: Biography & Autobiography

Hugo! is the remarkable biography of Hugo Chávez, President of Venezuela and leader of the Bolivian Revolution. Ex-paratrooper and outspoken socialist, Chávez is known for his stance against big business, fearless threats to the Bush administration, social reforms that have violently polarized his country, and also for providing a model for new governments and social movements across South America. Bart Jones was eyewitness to Chávez' rise to power, and describes his life in extraordinary detail, creating a comprehensive portrait of a man who has affected the most radical transformation of Venezuela for half a century, and dramatically affected the political debate throughout Latin America.

Seeds of Stability

Author: Ethan B. Kapstein
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107185685
Release Date: 2017-05-18
Genre: Political Science

Under what conditions do the governments of developing countries manage to reform their way out of political and economic instability? When are they instead overwhelmed by the forces of social conflict? What role can great powers play in shaping one outcome or the other? This book is among the first to show in detail how the United States has used foreign economic policy, including foreign aid, as a tool for intervening in the developing world. Specifically, it traces how the United States promoted land reform as a vehicle for producing political stability. By showing where that policy proved stabilizing, and where it failed, a nuanced account is provided of how the local structure of the political economy plays a decisive role in shaping outcomes on the ground.

Bitter Fruit

Author: Stephen C. Schlesinger
Publisher: Harvard Univ David Rockefeller
ISBN: UTEXAS:059173019760230
Release Date: 2005
Genre: History

Bibliography p. 304-316.

Evoking Genocide

Author: Adam Jones
Publisher: Key Publishing House Incorporated
ISBN: 0978252691
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Political Science

Evoking Genocide compiles more than sixty short essays written by leading scholars and activists in the field of genocide studies. These authors pay eloquent tribute to the works of art and media that influenced their engagement with genocide and crimes against humanity. The subjects include books and stories, films, songs, drawings, documents, monuments, sculptures, personal testimonies, and even a Lego set. In an accessible and often deeply personal way, contributors explore their own relationships with the works in question. Edited by Adam Jones, recently selected as one of fifty key thinkers in Holocaust and genocide studies, Evoking Genocide makes an important contribution to the study of the art and culture of mass atrocity.